Brazil and the Dilma impeachment process: What happens now
Although not directly related to mining and in my considered opinion not a major factor in country risk for our sector of focus (see the latest Regional Risk Review in IKN360 dated April 3rd for more) I’ve been getting a smattering of mails asking what’s happening in the media-grabbing Dilma Rousseff impeachment process, what with things suddenly quiet. So here’s the need-to-know:
1) Brazil’s lower house of parliament voted for the impeachment process last month, it’s now up to the upper house Senate to approve the process.
2) That debate and vote is set for May 11th.
3) There are 81 senators, the vote to move forward on the process needs a simple majority and as political watchers in Brazil concur that there are at least 50 senate members who will vote for the impeachment process, things look bad for Dilma.
4) Assuming the vote goes against her, Dilma will be immediately suspended from her duties and her Vice-President Michel Temer takes interim office.
5) The Dilma suspension will be for 180 days. During that time the Senate must vote again after the investigation is complete on whether Dilma is guilty as charged. That vote needs a 2/3rds majority to carry (not a simple majority).
6) If that vote goes against her Dilma loses her job and Temer becomes the official President of Brazil until the end of the current government’s mandate, December 2018.
So now you know. There are some variations possible on that basic scenario, such as the potential of a dissolving of government and snap elections being called, but what you see above is now generally regarded as the most likely process and the path of least resistance. No word on who gets to make the opening speeches at the Rio Olympics and sit in the VVIP box at the track and field events, the official Prez or the interim one.